Neagu Djuvara : biography

August 18, 1916 -

He has also published extensively regarding the relationship between his native Romania and Europe, placing the country politically and culturally "between East and West",Les pays roumains entre Orient et Occident. Les Principautés danubiennes au début du XIXe siecle ("The Romanian Lands between Orient and Occident. The Danubian Principalities at the Beginning of the 19th Century"), Publications Orientalistes de France, 1989Între Orient şi Occident. Ţările române la începutul epocii moderne ("Between East and West. The Romanian Lands at the Beginning of the Modern Era"), Humanitas, 1995Cum s-a născut poporul român? ("How Was the Romanian People Born?"), Humanitas, 2001 citing it as the "last to enter what is commonly called the European concert", referring not to Romania's 2007 accession to the European Union, but to the country's change of orientation towards adopting a Western political and cultural model. He has voiced his concern regarding multiculturalism in Europe, a policy which he views as detrimental to stability within the EU.

He is a critic of what he perceives to be an excessively pro-Western attitude in Romanian politics, suggesting that Romanian society and culture cannot be classified as Western, citing Orthodoxy as the predominant religion, the presence of many non-Latin elements in the modern Romanian language and the country's history in the past centuries as arguments.

He has also written about what he called the "American hegemony" and its premises, analysing the influence which the United States of America and its foreign policy have had on the World and, more specifically, on Europe. He characterises the efforts of the United States to establish what resembles a hegemony in Europe and other parts of the World as a "Seventy-Seven Years' War" waged throughout most of the 20th century.Războiul de şaptezeci şi şapte de ani (1914–1991) şi premisele hegemoniei americane ("The Seventy-Seven Years' War (1914–1991) and the Premises of the American Hegemony", Humanitas, 2009

Neagu Djuvara can be seen as a populariser and "de-mystifier" of history, having published books aimed a younger audience as well as books seeking to explain the historical basis for mythical figures such as Dracula or Negru Vodă. He has also published memories from his exile, recounting his life and work in Paris, France and Niamey, Niger.Bucarest-Paris-Niamey et retour ou Souvenirs de 42 ans d'exil (1948–1990) ("Bucharest-Paris-Niamey and Back or Recollections from 42 Years of Exile (1948–1990)"), L'Harmattan, 2004

Criticism

Though his diverse theories have been rejected by some mainstream historians, Neagu Djuvara remains one of the most influential Romanian historians of the 20th century, encouraging a critical approach to researching Romanian history and history in general. His work has been dismissed as "anti-Romanian" and he has been accused by prominent nationalist political figures of being a negative influence on Romanian self-perception and the perception of Romanians outside of Romania.

He has also encountered resistance in putting forward his theories by fellow historians who, by his own account, regard him as an "amateur". Djuvara's credentials are, however, verified, and his works have seen increased support in recent years, largely due to his popularity in Romania.

Notable Works

  • A Brief History of Romanians ("O scurtă istorie a românilor povestită celor tineri"), Humanitas, 1999
  • Civilisations et lois historiques. Essai d’étude comparée des civilisations ("Civilizations and Historical Laws. Essay of Comparative Studies on Civilizations"), Mouton, 1975
  • Les Aroumains ("The Aromanians"), INALCO, 1989; published in Romanian as Aromânii: istorie, limbă, destin ("The Aromanians: History, Language, Destiny"), Editura Fundaţiei Culturale Române, 1996
  • Les pays roumains entre Orient et Occident. Les Principautés danubiennes au début du XIXe siecle ("The Romanian Lands between Orient and Occident. The Danubian Principalities at the Beginning of the 19th Century"), Publications Orientalistes de France, 1989
  • Între Orient şi Occident. Ţările române la începutul epocii moderne ("Between East and West. The Romanian Lands at the Beginning of the Modern Era"), Humanitas, 1995
  • Cum s-a născut poporul român? ("How Was the Romanian People Born?"), Humanitas, 2001
  • Mircea cel Bătrân şi luptele cu turcii ("Mircea the Elder and Battles with the Turks"), Humanits, 2001
  • De la Vlad Ţepeş la Dracula Vampirul ("From Vlad the Impaler to Dracula the Vampire"), Humanitas, 2003
  • Bucarest-Paris-Niamey et retour ou Souvenirs de 42 ans d'exil (1948–1990) ("Bucharest-Paris-Niamey and Back or Recollections from 42 Years of Exile"), L'Harmattan, 2004
  • Există istorie adevarată? ("Is There a Truthful History?"), Humanitas, 2004
  • Însemnările lui Gheorghe Milescu ("Gheorghe Milescu's Notes"), Humanitas, 2004
  • Amintiri din pribegie ("Recollections from Exile"), Humanitas, 2005
  • Thocomerius - Negru Vodă. Un voivod de origine cumană la începuturile Ţării Româneşti, Humanitas, 2007
  • Războiul de şaptezeci şi şapte de ani (1914–1991) şi premisele hegemoniei americane, Humanitas, 2009
  • Biserici din Moldova, Editorial Artec, 2009
Living octopus

Living octopus

In countries which are located near sea coasts, sea food is an important part of national cuisine